Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE):
Mad cow disease.
Chronic wasting disease (CWD):
A TSE affecting deer and elk in Wisconsin, Colorado and Wyoming.
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease: CJD.
A fatal, human brain illness, appears in one person in a million per
year. If caused by eating mad cows, it's called "new variant CJD, or
Kuru: A human TSE once found in
New Guinea, transmitted when people handled and ate the brains of dead
Scrapie: A TSE that has afflicted
sheep since the 1700s or before. Not known to be transmitted to humans,
but the likely source of BSE and CWD.
Transmissible spongiform encephalopathy
(TSE): The group of infectious brain diseases caused by prions.