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1. Spreading like wild virus

2. The study of birds

3. Making sense of West Nile



Related Why Files
Animal migration

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Chronic wasting disease

Emerging infections

Mosquitoes and disease

Vaccines you can eat

Bird Advocates Fear That West Nile Could Silence the Spring, David Malakoff, Science, Sept. 20, 2002.

Researchers Scramble to Track Virus's Impact on Wildlife, David Malakoff, Science, Feb. 21, 2003.

West Nile Has Arrived in the Tropics, Diedra Henderson, Denver Post, March 18, 2003.

West Nile's Surprisingly Swift Continental Sweep, Martin Enserink, Science, Sept. 20, 2002.


Mosquito control for West Nile is "Out of Control."

After West Nile (Science News).

Experimental Infection of North American Birds with the New York 1999 Strain of West Nile Virus, Nicholas Komar et al, Emerging Infectious Disease, March 2003.

Migratory Birds and Spread of West Nile Virus in the Western Hemisphere, John H. Rappole et al, Emerging Infectious Disease, Jul-Aug 2000.

The National Audubon Society offers West Nile resources.

All about ornithology from Birdnet.

Conclusions of the North American Breeding Bird Survey from the USGS.

The National Wildlife Health Center's West Nile Virus Project.

West Nile Virus maps.

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