The Why Files The Why Files --

The Steroid Story

POSTED 16 DEC 2004

Related Why Files

Doping in sports

Sports injuries

Baseball science

Surviving endurance sports

Olympic sports science


Drugs of Abuse and the Elicitation of Human Aggressive Behavior, Peter Hoaken and Sherry Stewart, Addictive Behaviors, 28 (2003) 1533-1554.

Effects of Supraphysiologic Doses of Testosterone on Mood and Aggression in Normal..., Harrison G Pope Jr et al, Archives of General Psychiatry; Feb 2000; 57, 2; Psychology Module, pg. 133.

Long-term Effects of Pubertal Anabolic-androgenic Steroid Exposure on Reproductive and Aggressive Behaviors in Male Rats, Sara F. Farrell and Marilyn Y. McGinnis, Hormones and Behavior 46 (2004) 193- 203.

Concerning Teen Steroid Use
National Institute on Drug Abuse Teen Steroid Use Stats

National Institute on Drug Abuse Infopage

Steroid street names

Are steroids worth the risk?

Tips for teens about steroid use

Dangers of Using Steroids
Are natural steroids safer?

World Anti-Doping Agency

Steroids and Athletics
Anabolic Steroids in Sport and Exercise, Charles Yesalis, editor, Human Kinetics Publishers, 1993.

BALCO Blows Up, George Dohrmann, Sports Illustrated, Dec. 13, 2004, p. 50.

Life on Steroids: Bodybuilders Describe Their Perceptions of the Anabolic-Androgenic Steroid Use Period, Olrich, T.W. & Ewing, M.E., 1999, The Sport Psychologist, 13(3), 299-312.

"Not everything that is bad should be illegal."

ESPN's series on Drugs in Sports

NewsHour transcript about sports and drugs.

Aaron vs. Bonds

Steroids at the 1952 Olympics

On Strength
The sailor man

It worked for Popeye

She loves spinach

No crimes on the story credits page.


Megan Anderson, project assistant; Terry Devitt, editor; S.V. Medaris, designer/illustrator; David Tenenbaum, feature writer; Amy Toburen, content development executive

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