The Why Files The Why Files --

Bringing life to the dead zonePOSTED 3 JULY 2008

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Dead Zone is size of New Jersey
The gulf's growing Dead Zone
University of Minnesota explores the Dead Zone

Ground Water
As Midwest floods recede, what's being washed into the groundwater?
Worst flooding over
, now cleanup starts

Agricultural Runoff
Fertilizer runoff blamed for Dead Zone in the Gulf
Agriculture and the dead zone
Biofuels: food vs. fuel?
Fertilizer deliveries to the Gulf of Mexico.

1 Halting Hypoxia, Civil Engineering, June 2008.

2 Differences in Phosphorus and Nitrogen Delivery to The Gulf of Mexico from the Mississippi River Basin, Richard B. Alexander et al, Environ. Sci. Technol., 42 (3), 822-830, 2008. 10.1021/es0716103

3 Missing the Boat: Midwest Farm Drainage and Gulf of Mexico Hypoxia, Daniel R. Petrolia and Prasanna H. Gowda Review of Agricultural Economics-Volume 28, Number 2-Pages 240-253.

4 In Situ Bioreactors and Deep Drain-Pipe Installation to Reduce Nitrate Losses in Artificially Drained Fields, Dan B. Jaynes et al, J. Environ. Qual. 37:429-436 (2008).

5 Stream denitrification across biomes and its response to anthropogenic nitrate loading, Patrick J. Mulholland et al, Nature, Vol 452| 13 March 2008| doi:10.1038/nature06686.

6 Economic Analysis Of Wetland Restoration Along The Illinois River, Tony Prato And Donald Hey, Journal Of The American Water Resources Association, Feb. 2006.

Taking credit

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Megan Anderson, project assistant; Terry Devitt, editor; S.V. Medaris, designer/illustrator; David Tenenbaum, feature writer; Amy Toburen, content development executive

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